Computer Restarts Itself

Category: Hardware

My PC running on Windows XP frequently restarts it self for no apparent reason. Any files or internet pages I have been working on are lost. The PC reboots to the desktop and I have to redo all my work. Any ideas please?

Baby, It's Hot in There

Sometimes this can be caused by an overheating situation. Itunes, RealPlayer, Windows Media player, etc. require a lot of processing power to decompress and decode music files, which can cause the processor or hard drive to get hot.

If your CPU is running at over 60 degrees (C) you might be at risk of burning it out. Some systems shut down automatically when the temperature reaches an unsafe level. Every few weeks I open my system unit and clean the fins on the heat sink that sits under the CPU. When they collect dust it restricts the airflow and prevents proper cooling. You can use a can of compressed air (look at your local office supply store) or an old toothbrush. I just did that on my system and the CPU temperature dropped by ten degrees!

Download the free Speedfan utility and it will tell you the temperature at which your CPU and hard drives are running.
computer restarts itself

Memory Fails Me...

If you determine that overheating is not the problem, the most likely suspect is bad memory. Trying to access a bad spot in your system memory (RAM) can cause the computer to freak out and restart. The best way to find the culprit is to pop open the system unit, remove (or replace) one RAM stick and see if the problem is solved. Run your system for a while and if the problem goes away, you win! If not... lather, rinse and repeat for each RAM stick until you find the one that's misbehaving.

Don't Do Me Any Favors

There's a setting buried in Windows XP that tells your computer to restart when a system error occurs. If you turn off that option, you may solve your automatic reboot problem.

  • Click Start, then open Control Panel
  • Click Performance and Maintenance
  • Click System
  • Click on the Advanced Tab
  • Click Settings in the Startup and Recovery section
  • Uncheck Automatically Restart in the System failure section

    Note that this may prevent the system from restarting, but it can also mask the true problem. As an alternative to this measure, consider what has recently changed on your system. If you have installed new hardware or software, remove it and see if the annoying restart persists. Sometimes downloading the latest driver software from the manufacturer's website will fix hardware incompatibility problems that cause restarts.

    Computer Restarts After Download?

    Some folks have written to me complaining that their computer automatically restarts itself after every download. And interestingly, most (if not all) mentioned they were using the Firefox browser. If you are using a download manager or download accelerator, this could be causing the problem. Check all the settings in the download manager and tweak if necessary. Or get rid of the download manager and see if the problem remains.

    This can also be a virus or spyware problem. I suggest you go through your Control Panel / Add or Remove Programs list and remove any programs you don't need, then run thorough anti-virus and anti-spyware scans. It could even be your anti-virus program fighting with the browser or download manager. Switching to a new anti-virus might help also. See my recommendations for the best free anti-virus software for help with that.

    Other Things to Consider

    Failing or under-rated power supplies can also cause your computer to restart at seemingly random intervals. Switching out a power supply is really not too hard. Turn off the computer, open the case, disconnect the power cable from the power supply to the motherboard. Unscrew the power supply from the case, and reverse the process to install a new power supply. A 300-watt power supply will be fine in most computers.

    And as one reader kindly pointed out, bad capacitors on the motherboard can also cause random reboots. But unless you're kinda geeky and handy with a soldering iron, it's tough to identify and fix this problem. You can find lots more helpful info on bad capacitors at badcaps.net. For most mere mortals, replacing the motherboard as a last resort will be easier than replacing a capacitor.

    I also encourage you to read ALL of the comments below, before you rip your hair out, or rip your computer to shreds. It boils down to this... most restart problems are caused by overheating, bad ram, malware, or some other failing component. It can be difficult and time-consuming to identify WHICH of those things is the culprit. The only good solution is to test each one, in sequence (removing and replacing components if necessary), to identify the problem.

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    Most recent comments on "Computer Restarts Itself"

    (See all 234 comments for this article.)

    Posted by:

    nabo
    21 Oct 2010

    my com restarts one time in a day and after his restart says disk boot failure please insert the disk ....i dont no what is this...after 5 minutes i run the com and everything is fine......


    Posted by:

    Mike
    27 Nov 2010

    Hello, My computer restarts by itself here and there, sometimes it will go through a whole day with out a single restart. Sometimes every 2 minutes, What is wrong with my PC!


    Posted by:

    kuldeep
    25 Dec 2010

    hello, sir i have a windows xp newly installed. I am using net with connection of mobile.but when i'm download any file from net, its automatically restart. I have no antivirus .what can i do . Please help me.


    Posted by:

    regin out
    26 Dec 2010

    here is a good overview of this problem; http://ezinearticles.com/?Computer-Restarts-Automatically,-Solve-This-Problem-Here&id=5585712


    Posted by:

    ashwani barola
    31 Dec 2010

    this is such useful stuff.my pc is restart again and again but after reading this stuff i got lot of knowledge and follow the steps as you mentioned above and this problem is go away..really thanks


    Posted by:

    KARTHIK
    31 Dec 2010

    i have so big problem with my computer........it restart itself .......wat i needed to do also i dont now ....i now this problem no because temperature.....but it come from other way.....if some can help me pls call.......my no 058051197..................................pls help me .............pls.pls......pls..........pls...pls........


    Posted by:

    Sathish
    12 Feb 2011

    My system starts to reboot after when all the files copied while installing the Windows XP SP3/2 when it is about 90% and then it shows NTLDR is Missing if I did once more time to install the OS it again structs in between file copying. I even tried to install Windows 2000 Professional their also after formatting of the devices it starts to reboot the system. I've 1.25 GB of RAM in which both are working fine under my friends system which of same configuration. Please let know I'm not able to complete the OS Installation.


    Posted by:

    ash
    16 Feb 2011

    thanks man , i love u ,
    Don't Do Me Any Favors,
    when checked , automaticaly restart box was ticked
    thx so much


    Posted by:

    dilip
    17 Mar 2011

    hi......my computer start

    blue screen message error

    and restart the computer


    Posted by:

    Deepak
    18 Mar 2011

    Hi, there is something wrong in my p.c. My p.c will restart again and again plz help me whats wrong in my p.c.


    Posted by:

    AL
    28 Mar 2011

    Hey thank you for this web page. i resolved this issue. Thanks AL


    Posted by:

    beth
    27 May 2011

    hello sir..my computer wont restart after i scan it...whenever i attemt to restart its shutdown...so my computer is very slow..so pls help me..thankz


    Posted by:

    Princess
    08 Jun 2011

    I also have problem , my pc is restarting automatecally when I changed the baterry , please help me on how to solve this problem.


    Posted by:

    Amir
    02 Dec 2011

    I wrote an assembly language program for Pentium III, and I used an incorrect, out of limit offset on purpose in the protected mode. I know that there is a GP exception and a triple fault but why CPU restarts and executes the whole code again?


    Posted by:

    The_Skycutter
    24 Dec 2011

    I have to say thank you to Bob! I recently did a major update to my Compaq computer by installing new hardware (Hard Drive, Power Supply, and Memory). After that my computer start randomly restarting, I had forgotten to uncheck the Automatically Restart in the System failure section. My computer works perfect now!!

    The Cutter


    Posted by:

    Cathy Badajos
    06 Feb 2012

    same prob here. do you think it's a virus?


    Posted by:

    Emmadoju Vikram
    13 Feb 2012

    hey. hai.. hello..., there,
    Yes it is true that computer will restart when it is over heated. I checked this my computer also restarts but only if we play games. I have a broken screw pillar on my CPU heatsink fan. I glued it Fevikwik. Before this my CPU Heat is recorded as 87'c when we play a game it goes very high and makes system failure. After gluing my CPU heat recorded as 45'c and my system become completely stable and works better. So I suggest you to check the CPU heatsink fans and graphic cards fan whether connected firmly to the aluminium heatsink. I think this will definetly help you to get she of this problem. Thank you. If this helps please leave comment starting with my name.
    -@Emmadoju Vikram


    Posted by:

    Burhan
    09 Jan 2013

    You Can Try this for help
    http://techhelp-pc.us
    For Free Support call on :1-855-639-0999


    Posted by:

    lorrie
    11 Jun 2013

    TY, I had to uncheck the automatic restart button....:-)


    Posted by:

    VPN Service
    05 Nov 2014

    Online security is becoming very important for everybody. While browsing internet one's information and data is exposed to the prying eyes of spammers and hackers. Even anti-virus software attached to one's body can not do much when your info is sent out inside chaotic cyberspace where it can be prowled by hackers and useful for their nefarious ends. Even firewalls can only prevent such threats from entering the LAN so because of this data within your system remains safe. The best tool open to safeguard important computer data as it travels inside market is a Virtual Private Network.


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