New Tor Browser Is Surprisingly Polished

Category: Browsers

I don't spend much time behind Web proxies, but news of the latest privacy-focused Tor browser caught my eye, so I installed it and spent a couple of hours wandering through the Tor network. It was an interesting and surprisingly non-geeky sojourn! Here's what you need to know about the Tor network and web browser…

Tor Browser Gets a Facelift

For the uninitiated: Tor is a decentralized, global network of anonymous proxy servers. Each node in Tor acts much like a VPN (virtual private network) server. It accepts your browser’s requests for Web content, connects to the server(s) on which the objects reside, downloads copies and transmits them to your browser. The Tor node acts as your proxy; hence the term “proxy server.” The benefit of Tor is that the remote server does not get any data about you, since you never connect to the remote server; a Tor node does that on your behalf.

However, it is theoretically possible to backtrack the node’s request to see where it actually originated. To frustrate such espionage, Tor routes your browser’s requests and the data sent in response to them through multiple nodes, forcing a really interested party to repeat the backtracking process multiple times. It’s like peeling off layer after layer from an onion. But with proxy network used by Tor makes it very difficult to do that backtracking. More on that later.

There are many good reasons to use Tor, but some of them are bad. Tor provides cover for activists, journalists, authors, and others whom a repressive government might want to track down or merely associate with certain “forbidden” content on the Web. On the other hand, Tor also covers the tracks of illegal arms and drug dealers, child traffickers, and copyright violators, and other nefarious malefactors.

Tor Browser facelift

But that’s not us, right? We are going about lawful business using a network that runs through parts of the world where privacy is banned, or where additional layers are desired. The journey goes surprisingly well!

The Tor browser is based upon Firefox, and the Tor Project team is a loose coalition of part-time developers. That explains why Tor Browser 8.0 appears to catch up to Firefox Quantum 10 months after the latter’s release. You can download Tor 8.0 here. Installation is a breeze!

I did have one glitch when trying to launch the Tor browser. PC Matic uses a whitelist approach to prevent malware from running, which means that if it's not on a list of known/good programs, it will be blocked. (See my recent article PC Matic - An Overdue Review for a discussion of whitelist and blacklist approaches to security.) So PC Matic's SuperShield flagged the program as "unknown" and prevented it from running. I solved that problem by changing my protection level setting for blocked programs to "Prompt for Override." If you use a different anti-malware program, and Tor won't start, there's probably a similar fix you can find with a quick Web search.

Pirates, Rabbit Holes, and Latency

Thinking of “sketchy sites to check out with Tor” led me first to The Pirate Bay. (In case you're not familiar, TPB is described by Wikipedia as "an online index of entertainment media and software." That's a polite way of saying that it's a search engine for pirated movies and music.) I got a 502 error: “bad gateway.” That means the Tor server (in Paris) that tried to connect me to TPB received an invalid response from the TPB web server. There is nothing I, the end user, can do to fix a 502 error; the owner of the TPB server (or one of the proxies along the path) is on the fritz. Solution: I tried again later, and it worked.

But first, I tried to reach TPB via my Chrome browser, and I had no trouble getting to it! I start Googling, then realize I don’t need any stolen copyrighted material today so there is no need for me to go down that rabbit hole. But if there was, the answer is out there. I would start with the Tor Project’s FAQ page.

Elsewhere on the Internet, Tor 8.0 mostly behaves well, but slowly. (after several attempts) reports Tor 8.0’s download speed as 2.71 Mbps with a 300 ms latency. The same test a moment later but using Chrome yields 210 Mbps with 10 ms latency. In my testing, some sites that work just fine in Chrome, Edge or Firefox failed to load, or loaded partially with the Tor browser. In most cases, reloading solved the problem.

Pages load significantly more slowly via Tor than they do over the regular Internet. I get a bit impatient waiting for the last bit of a page to load, perhaps as long as 45 seconds after the first bit arrived. But YouTube audio and video files play just fine on Tor; there is no choppiness. Download speed is not the problem; that 300 ms latency is. Once a video file starts streaming it does so continuously at an adequate 2.71 Mbps. But a web page that fetches content from 15 different sources takes 0.3 x 15 = 5 seconds longer to load due to the 300 ms latency of each fetching. The delay might be reduced if Tor 8.0 downloads pages via multiple parallel connections, but that does not seem to be the case in my experience.

It's also worth noting that the Tor developers recommend against installing Firefox add-ons with Tor Browser, because some add-ons can bypass proxy settings and break anonymity.

So for browsing the mainstream Internet, the Firefox-based Tor 8.0 browser is easy to use and provides considerable anonymity, meaning it would be extraordinarily expensive to figure out who is behind Tor’s hypothetical seven proxies. If it takes 100 years to do it, you have effectively complete anonymity; you will likely die long before the jackbooted thugs come knocking on your door.

I don’t live in China, Russia, or Saudi Arabia, have no plans to join a covert resistance movement, and a life of crime does not appeal to me. But if anything should change it’s great to know that Tor is available to cover my tracks, and that it works so well. Your thoughts on this topic are welcome. Post your comment or question below...

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Most recent comments on "New Tor Browser Is Surprisingly Polished"

Posted by:

Bob k
02 Oct 2018

So many sites think I am a robot and want me to solve some puzzle over and over again. Really gets frustrating.

Posted by:

02 Oct 2018

Bob, your article was interesting, but the TOR website says specifically: Want Tor to really work? Don't torrent over Tor. Using TPB would then be not recommended. Any thoughts why you would want to connect to TPB when they advised not to only to jeopardize your anonymity.

EDITOR'S NOTE: I personally have no use for TPB, nor do I recommend using it. It was just an example of a site that I thought Tor users might frequent.

Posted by:

02 Oct 2018

Thanks for the heads up and report on TOR. Latest version does work well on my older computer. Perhaps it will be a bit faster on newer one. Regardless, the application appears to be stable and took me anywhere I wanted to go while testing it. Yes, it is slower than other methods but if you want to hide from Google and the others who want to know everything about you and everything that you do online and probably offline too. TOR appears to be a very useful tool to keep them from knowing what you are ONTO. Hmmm... TOR...ONTO? I suspect that there are some nefarious types using TOR too so be wary of them as well.

Posted by:

03 Oct 2018

Thank You good read.
Yes I agree that we may not need to use tor for every day use I use it when commenting on political blogs being critical of Governments these day's is risky in that they are vindictive if you disagree with there policies. The day's of robust debate in a Democracy are just about over.

Posted by:

03 Oct 2018

Thanks for an interesting review. Would you recommend TOR as a replacement for a VPN when using an open internet connection?

Posted by:

Jay R
03 Oct 2018

Opera is so slow with my old computer that I am not sure that I want to try this. The idea is appealing, however. Will TOR RID us of Edgy browsers?

Posted by:

03 Oct 2018

I have experience of TOR and Onion and I was denied access to my banks' online services and Yahoo questioning why I was being served by Roumania for example. Although only required for my desktop my laptop was also affected. In Indonesia the Internet is monitored very closely and we are denied access to decent websites by their blanket coverage - I would venture to say that I am denied access on some 40% attempts.

If TOR can guarantee that my banking is unaffected I would return immediately.

Posted by:

03 Oct 2018

I am using Tor sometimes for years and it has been improved a lot.
When you are visiting many countries you will recognize that you can't access every site you are visiting regularly.
Yor may be capable to avoid this.

Posted by:

04 Oct 2018

Interesting but not something I would use, I do of course use PC Matic and have it set to Ask if OK so I can whitelist programs I want to use.

Posted by:

04 Oct 2018

Privacy a concern? Try Epic privacy browser. Based on the Chrome engine.
Here's what they advertise- "Epic protects your privacy more than ever. Incognito and other private browsing modes don't protect you. Your browsing history is still stored on your computer and tracked by Google, your ISP, your government, and hundreds of data collectors."
All I have to say is when I use it with only 2 or 3 tabs open, it's fast. And it doesn't remember your history. (Pages visited)
So for financial site visiting or for transactions, along with a combo of Oxynger privacy keyboard and a regular keyboard mix, I feel fairly safe. Add using a VPN, and who's going to follow you?
TOR- tried it for a year. One serious problem. It was developed or modified by the NSA or so the 'net states. Also rumor is you're on their list if you install it. Big brother watching?

Posted by:

04 Oct 2018

Ed posted a good question. I also would like to know.

"Would you recommend TOR as a replacement for a VPN when using an open internet connection?"

Posted by:

06 Oct 2018

I tried it. You didn't mention it is painfully slow. I suppose there are reasons to use something like that, but the way I use my desktop, I keep multiple tabs open, I want the browser to reopen with them. I trust my firewall, my software firewall, my other protections. In going on 30 years of internet usage, I've never had a virus or piece of malware. I am already cautious. And impatient. I don't want to wait 20 seconds for a search page to load. So I got rid it.

Posted by:

25 Oct 2019

@Ed and @Will (re: VPN or TOR): I am inclined to think that finding a payware VPN which promises to keep ZERO records of ('virtual') IP addresses using their service would be the way to go. BUT only if you have been spoiled with 100+Mbps network speeds (via cable or fiber ISP) and find TOR responsiveness (or lack thereof) to be similar to going back to a dial up modem.
My current VPN [name intentionally omitted] reaches speeds north of 170Mbps and at the cost of about $1.60/month. I pretend I am on vacation and log into my VPN servers from various vacation spots like Bermuda, Barbados, Cayman and British Virgin Islands. When I am feeling dark and moody, I choose VPN servers from Afghanistan. Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan [which I didnot know was a country). 😮

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